english 137 (report)


by albert and merlito



The idea being that what’s unstated must nonetheless exist clearly in the author mind for a character to have sufficient depth. Much of what readers know about any given character is never stated explicitly but is rather submerged in a way the character speaks and moves and thinks- and all this, in turn, is shaped by knowledge of each character.


Good fiction reveals worlds previously unknown, or sheds new light on the familiar. Perhaps the most important truth to begin with is the authentic transfer of emotion from author to character.


Sometimes the authors take the idea of using a true fact or a true line one step further, and use an actual historical character as an inspiration for a fictional one.


The choice of voice is crucial to establishing character. Voice reveals perspective and personality traits. The effect of voice is easiest to see in first-person narration, where word choice, syntax, pacing and emphasis all establish the speaker’s character.


Like the real- life counterparts, personal characters have habits, personality traits, and framework of beliefs, all of which determine their reaction to situation. Yet, there is no single way for each character to behave. Just as we sometimes astonish ourselves, our characters, too, must have the capacity to take us by surprise.


Fictionist and their characters both don’t live in a vacuum. Our interactions with the events of the world keep us in a continual state of discovery about our own hidden selves, so, too, our characters reveal themselves through their exchanges with others.


Characters are the beating heart of any s tory. Who people are defines what they do, how they respond to a given situation. They must step out of the icy region between the unknown and the imagined, melt through barriers and emerge into the world, vibrant and radiant and alive.

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Language and culture establish a deeper relationship. Language is widely used from place to place to converse with persons or groups and it reflects the society’s beliefs and practices. It is a vehicle of tool to maintain and strengthen cultural ties that govern the life of the society. Language is attached on culture and culture is reflected by the language we used.

To learn new language means to learn new culture. The more the language we knew the more the culture we acquire. Teachers play a vital role in this aspect. They are not only a language teacher but also a culture teacher. Not only should the language be learned by the students but moreover the culture governing the society. Achieving the best learning should be accompanied by proper teaching style and motivational strategy that are suited to the demand of the learner.

Teachers entering a different culture should know how to respect the cultural values. They should orient the students not about language functions only, but the cultural context in which it is placed as well. They should always realize and remember that people from different cultures learn things in different ways. They should also understand the similarities and contrasts of different cultures, and lastly, apply that knowledge to teaching practices.

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The connection between language and society is tightly anchored. The relationship of the two is deeply rooted. Language performs various functions in the society and the society does the same way. If one will not exist, the other one will be affected.

Language is the primary tool for communication purposes, for establishing peace and order in our society, for showing authority and power, and for attaining goals and objectives. But, it can also destruct the society if it will use inappropriately. It must follow the conformity governing the society to avoid conflict s and to meet the boundary of individual differences.

Society however controls our language by giving us preferences as what are acceptable and not, because each one of us has our own perception or point of view. A group of people may accept our language, but for others, it could be kind of offence or insult. We must know how, when and where to say it and for what purpose.

Social changes produce changes in language. This affects values in ways that have not been accurately understood. Language incorporates social values. However, social values are only the same as linguistic values when the society is a stable and unchanging one. Once society starts changing, then language change produces special effects.

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It can viewed that Africa like Philippines suffered ceaselessly from the oppressive invaders during its colonial period. Colonialism brought a tremendous effect in the life of the African people.  It filled the nation of darkness and it poured the citizen’s right, freedom and desire.  It caused one’s life a big crack and made it taste bitter and sour.  They were manipulated like a robot. They were imprisoned in the land they owned. They were obliged to perform whatever the master asked them to do without any hesitation. If not, punishment will arise.

Onwutalobi Anthony Claret stated in his essay (The After Effect of European Colonization on Africa people) stated that the European Colonization brought a tremendous changes in the life ofthe African people. In the process of colonial state-formation; groups were divided or brought together with little or no regard to their common distinctive attributes. They were placed in new administrative frameworks, governed by new values, new institutions, and new operational principles and techniques. The autonomous local outlook of the old order was replaced by the control mechanisms of the state, in which the ultimate authority was an outsider, a foreigner. This mechanism functioned through the centralization of power, which ultimately rested on police and military force. National resources were otherwise extracted and exported as raw materials to feed the metropolitan industries of the colonial masters. Development was conceived as a means of receiving basic services from the State, rather than as a process of growth and collective accumulation of wealth that could in turn be invested in further growth.

As the globalization became deeper and deeper, it gave chance to produce many prolific writers in many fields. Some of them were Soyinka, Achebe, Clark, and others.  All of them were prominent because of their expertise. These writers achieved several awards for their valuable works.  Their pieces were valued and loved by many for it portrays the deplorable condition of Africa. These writings contributed a lot to awaken the mind of the African people about their real world. They realized how fatalistic they are and there was a need for change.

Different forms of literature were made. African literary works include poem, short story, essay, and other written and oral works. Most of these writings focused about oppression, brutality, inequality and cruelties. However, the traditions, customs, belief and identity of the African people can be viewed from the writings. Though the colonization brought evolution in Africa, still, it conquered all the sufferings and difficulties to strive again from destruction to victory.

Analyzing the historical background and literature of Africa is exciting. It is an empowering activity which broadens the understanding of every reader about the real world existing in the country of Africa. It provides informative facts and details which I believe are of great help to assess its historical past and make a comparisons and differences with another country.

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The situations exist in the story entitled ‘Handful of Dates’ can be viewed in politics. The role of the characters and their behaviors manifested from the story are exemplified by those persons evolving in a political scene.

We, the citizens are the young boy. During political campaign, we enjoy listening or watching political speeches. Moreover, we admire and idolize a politician because we trust his leadership competence. We believe in his plans so we are supporting him, from his political candidacy until he is officially designated on the position he is aspiring for, president for example.

He, the elected president performs the role of the grandfather whom we treasured before.  But because of the anomalies, accusations and issues he confronts to, our trust and hope vested upon him failed into disappointment. Our nature of thinking changes easily, because what we hear and witness in real life influences our belief and thought.  If before, our relationship with him is smooth, now, conflict and misunderstanding exist. We often attempt to have comparison between him and the former president.

He, the former president acts the role of Mazood who was judge and questioned by the president (grandfather). He gets our sympathy and concern this time, since the president is in the midst of controversies. But once the cases are solved, we also come down. Until we find ourselves following and praising him, for the second time.

Misunderstanding and conflict will rise again and the system will go on and on.  These help us to gain maturity and awareness.

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Filipinos are still under the slavery of the past colonization, specifically the American.  We have not gained our independence totally, because until now, American blood runs actively through our veins. We are not a free men, still, we are slave. We value Americanism to the extent that we are ignoring we are Filipinos. We are trying to cover up our own culture and identity. We are shy of our own complexion. We are patronizing American products. We often got to mall just to purchase a pair of shoes which is state- side. We enjoy watching American movies instead of praising our own-made films and movies. We idolized American personalities and we are trying to imitate them including their moves, gestures and acts. Therefore, we, Filipinos are not a free man in our own country. We are a poor SLAVE.

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